What is U.S. Citizenship?
A citizen of the United States is a native-born, foreign-born, or naturalized person who owes allegiance to the United States and who is entitled to its protection. The United States recognizes the U.S. citizenship of individuals according to two fundamental principles, jus soli, the right or birthplace, and jus sanguinis, the right of blood.
Naturalization is the process by which U.S. citizenship is conferred upon a foreign citizen or national after he or she fulfills the requirements established by Congress in the Immigration and Nationality Act. The general requirements for naturalization include:
- a period of continuous residence and physical presence in the United States;
- having no controlled substance violation (including trafficking) in the United States or a foreign country
- residence in a particular USCIS District prior to filing;
- an ability to read, write, and speak English
- a knowledge and understanding of U.S. history and government;
- being of good moral character;
- attachment to the principles of the U.S. Constitution; and favorable disposition toward the United States.